Free Energy from Hydrolysis of ATP Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the energy currency of life and it provides that energy for most biological processes by being converted to ADP (adenosine diphosphate). Since the basic reaction involves a water molecule, ATP + H 2 O → ADP + P i. this reaction is commonly referred to as the hydrolysis of ATP.The change in Gibbs free energy in the reaction is ...Apr 27, 2019 · Chemistry/hydrolysis of ATP. Cells use the hydrolysis of ATP as a source of energy. The conversion of ATP to ADP has a standard free energy change of -30.5 kJ/mol. If all the free energy from the metabolism of glucose. C6H12O6(s)+6O2(g) ¨6CO2(g)+6H2O(l)
NADH is a high-energy molecule. The oxidation of NADH: NADH + H+ + ½O2 -> NAD+ + H2O is highly exergonic, with a standard free energy change of -54 kcal/mol (7-fold greater than the standard free energy change for ATP hydrolysis of -7.3 kcal/mol).