Marker genes include, but are not limited to, ribosomal RNA (16S in bacteria and archaea and 18S in eukaryotes except fungi where the internal transcribed spacer [ITS] region of the gene is used) and cpn60 (chaperonin-60) genes. However, in the larger eukaryotic cell, the limited surface area when compared to its volume means nutrients cannot rapidly diffuse to all interior parts of the cell. That is why eukaryotic cells require a variety of specialized internal organelles to carry out metabolism, provide energy, and transport chemicals throughout the cell .
Jul 25, 2017 · Bacterial Cell wall: Structure, Composition and Types. Cell wall is an important structure of a bacteria. It give shape,rigidity and support to the cell.